Test Images 2

Below is a combination of some test images I have been able to use to refine my approach and practice over the past couple of months. (These are not the same images that were physically submitted).

Please note, there are some photographs which are ‘perfect’ in their edit and how they were captured but they have not been included here as they give me nothing to talk about and improve for the next few months.

Points of improvement

  • Image 1 – will have to be replaced with a ‘straighter’ architectural photograph, the clouds in the background produce a nice moody effect and the contrast is quite nice. Possibly brighten up the area at the bottom a little bit.
  • Image 2 (top right hand side) – the lamp post and the building behind have been aligned, the bottom of the picture has too much cropped out of it. Try re-shooting with more ‘grounding’.
  • Image 3 (right, middle) – this image is quite powerful on its own, possibly re-shoot with bars in focus to imply the feeling of being locked out, or not supposed to be there.
  • Image 4 (right bottom) – brilliant use of natural light in this portrait, as well as showing the environment (kitchen), possibly get in closer to the subject.

Overall, these images go well together, and even without the above advised improvements, go well visually as a series. A building connected to a person/people is being suggested here through these photographs. To refine my work visually, I will be/have taken on board the above criticisms and will be posting ‘finished work’ from the middle of next month.

 

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Draft Proposal

(further development of my post on this same topic a couple months back), it includes points of improvement from my tutors.

Idea and subject area

I am working in the area of documentary photography and my idea is to photograph gentrification in London. I will be doing this by capturing buildings in areas it is affecting (so far, places like Southwark and Camden have been covered). This ranges from demolished buildings, buildings currently in question for demolition and new structures or construction sites. In addition, portraits of people who will be or are affected. There is a wider age range between people whose portraits have been taken than there was initially.

My research methodology

This long term personal project is linked to my dissertation (public architecture and its effects on inequality) and I aim to utilise a variety of sociological research methods. Most of these research based findings are based on secondary sources (books, journals, short films, other photographic and sociological studies and even national statistics). These have been compiled by other individuals with their own agenda. I have tried to reach out to individuals affected by gentrification directly – i.e. residents/ex-residents and people who sit on housing associations or who are on social policy think tanks. Given the raw emotion felt by many of these individuals, gaining the primary research I would like, has proven to be a lengthy and difficult process.

How I plan to realise my project

I was getting a little stuck portraying my ideas visually and had to return to basics. I brainstormed (see previous post) what I could physically photograph and went through my archives of photographs taken in the past 2 years. This gave me an idea of what I had and what was missing from my story. I then reached out to various associations that were remaining in Southwark after the forced exodus in 2013. There is no longer contact between ex residents due to a ‘wanting to put the experience behind them’ which is totally understandable, which meant finding people would have to be approached differently. I have since had arranged/am arranging portrait sessions with other people that have been willing to get involved.

Timescales and production plans

The time frame for the photographs to be completed has now been shifted from December 2016 to March 2017. This is because finding participants, in any documentary project, is the longest and hardest part. The photographs will be printed/edited in April 2017 to prepare for the exhibition in May. The other publications that will follow in conjunction with this project are going to be realised around that time as well. The printing will be self managed as far as possible, instead of being taken to an external lab.

Intended audience

Broadsheet newspapers covering these stories – in particular The Guardian. The TIME/Financial Times magazines and papers may cover this story in the next two years, depending on what is the most pressing issue and which stories are being circulated in the media at the time. The residents and project participants are welcome to all exhibitions and will be informed of where the photographs are published next (i.e. book and magazine). Lastly, some of the images will be used in an attempt to get the ‘powers that be’ to reconsider some of their development policies in light of the people they are negatively affecting.


Bibliography

2016, T.A. (2016) Thom Atkinson photographer. Available at: http://thomatkinson.com/ (Accessed: 8 December 2016).
Delaney, B. (2016) Neoliberalism through a dreamcatcher: Five signs your town has gentrified. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/oct/24/neoliberalism-through-a-dream-catcher-five-signs-your-town-has-gentrified (Accessed: 28 November 2016).
Gorton, T. and Dazed (2015) This map marks all of London’s anti-gentrification campaigns. Available at: http://www.dazeddigital.com/artsandculture/article/24336/1/this-map-marks-all-of-londons-anti-gentrification-campaigns (Accessed: 1 December 2016).
Hanson, K. (2016) How to get involved in Anti-Gentrification month. Available at: http://www.timeout.com/london/blog/how-to-get-involved-in-anti-gentrification-month-070116 (Accessed: 1 December 2016).
Harvey, W. (2015) I was part of the cereal killer cafe protest – here’s why I was part of the cereal killer cafe protest – here’s why. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/sep/28/cereal-killer-cafe-protest-gentrification-poverty (Accessed: 1 December 2016).
Hays, M. (2016) The one-in-six rule: Can Montreal fight gentrification by banning restaurants? Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/nov/16/one-in-six-rule-can-montreal-canada-fight-gentrification-banning-restaurants (Accessed: 28 November 2016).
Magazine, F.-S. and contributors, its (2010) Contemporary photography: An informal movement. Available at: http://www.fstopmagazine.com/pastissues/43/milbrath.html (Accessed: 8 December 2016).
Merriam-Webster (2016) Definition of GENTRIFICATION. Available at: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/gentrification (Accessed: 28 November 2016).
Patrik Schumacher – people – Zaha Hadid architects (2015) Available at: http://www.zaha-hadid.com/people/patrik-schumacher/ (Accessed: 1 December 2016).
Pritchard, S. (2016) Hipsters and artists are the gentrifying foot soldiers of capitalism. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/sep/13/hipsters-artists-gentrifying-capitalism (Accessed: 28 November 2016).
Wainwright, O. (2016) Gentrification is a global problem. It’s time we found a better solution. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/sep/29/gentrification-global-problem-better-solution-oliver-wainwright (Accessed: 28 November 2016).
What is gentrification? Definition and meaning (2016) in Business Dictionary. Available at: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/gentrification.html (Accessed: 28 November 2016).
What is Gentrification? | flag wars | POV (2003) Available at: http://www.pbs.org/pov/flagwars/what-is-gentrification/ (Accessed: 28 November 2016).
Wiseman, E. (2016) Beware the vibrant, emerging, misleading language of gentrification. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2016/oct/09/beware-the-vibrant-emerging-misleading-language-of-gentrification (Accessed: 28 November 2016).
Yip, J. (2015) I watched the anti-gentrification protest in brick lane from my shop window – here’s why I won’t move out. Available at: http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/i-watched-the-anti-gentrification-protest-in-brick-lane-from-my-shop-window-heres-why-i-wont-move-a6670146.html (Accessed: 1 December 2016).
(No Date) Available at: http://www.spiked-online.com/newsite/article/in-defence-of-gentrification/18159#.WEARQLKLTIV (Accessed: 1 December 2016).
(No Date) Available at: http://www.patrikschumacher.com/ (Accessed: 1 December 2016).
(No Date) Available at: https://www.dezeen.com/2016/11/30/activists-protest-zaha-hadid-architects-office-patrik-schumacher-speech/ (Accessed: 1 December 2016).
(No Date) Available at: https://twitter.com/Thom_Atkinson/ (Accessed: 8 December 2016).

Artist Study – Matt Black

Matt Black is a 46 year old documentary photography born in California. His work focuses on poverty, migration and the environment. He has received a World Press Photo Award, Robert F Kennedy Award for Excellence in Journalism (2016) and the W. Eugene Smith Grant (2015). He is also a nominee member of Magnum Photos. He usually works in his native area in Southern California and in Mexico. Black has photographed over 100 communities across 44 US states for his project, The Geography of Poverty. His projects often feature short films. Black has been named a Senior Fellow at the Emerson Collective, received a Magnum Foundation Emergency Fund, the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting and other professional acclaims.

Matt Black 1.jpg
Fallowed Tomato Fields, Corcoran, California, Matt Black

Black’s work appeals to me because it is in black and white, political and socially engaged. His work deals with issues affecting a large proportion of society everywhere and he adds another element to his documentary photography – short films. Black has had to gain access to a range of communities and this takes both time and personal funding. Whilst I am at a stage where I can still personally fund my long term documentary project, I do not have as much time.

The ability to use the camera as a tool for telling stories of marginalised communities is one that takes time and a lot of dedication and personal interest. For this assignment, I will be focusing on the series, The Geography Of Poverty. This series was done using census data and then geo-tagging his photographs.

Below are my 3 key images for visual analysis.

matt-black-el-paso
El Paso, TX. The population is 649, 121 and 21.5% live below the poverty level. Matt Black 

Image 1 – El Paso, TX

  • The lighting in this image creates strong contrasts, especially behind the man in the centre. It appears that this photograph used natural lighting and the sun was quite high in the sky (daytime as opposed to sunrise/sunset).
  • The main focal point is the column in front of the building with the number 1500. This is overshadowed by the darker contrasts evident in this picture.
  • The light appears to be natural (daylight) and with the presence of clouds. The light enhances the message this photograph is sending.
  • This is a typical image by the photographer and lends itself heavily to photojournalistic training.
  • I think it is a successful image with the subject matter clearly indicated by what is in the image (a person, surrounded by shadows and items common to a road – street sign, lamppost, etc).
  • The composition of this image is quite interesting. Without the column/lamppost in the foreground the message of this image would not be as strong.
  • In addition, the lines in this image imply an idea of overarching system or structural error. These composition choices appear to be intentional.
  • This image tells a story,the story is just as strong as a series as well as this image on its own.
matt-black-modesto
Modesto, CA. The population is 201, 165 and 20.8% live below the poverty line.

Image 2 – Modesto, CA

  • The lighting in this image creates an interesting effect though it is more even than in the previous image.
  • The main focal point is the man in the foreground, after which the competition for my attention is between the horizontal line, the Stop and Save Sign and the man in the background.
  • The light appears to be natural (daylight) and quite flat.
  • This is a typical image by the photographer and lends itself heavily to photojournalistic training.
  • I think it is a successful image with the subject matter clearly indicated by the subjects of the image (2 men) as well as the sign on the building and the horizontal line working almost as a divider.
  • The composition of this image is quite interesting. There is a relationship/narrative between the visible and connoted factors inside this photograph. This image is very strong on its own but also, with the series.
matt-black-allensworth
Allensworth, CA. The population in 471 and 54% live below the poverty level. Matt Black 

Image 3 – Allensworth, CA

  • The lighting in this image creates a strong and moody photograph.
  • The main focal point is the hand on top of the pillar in the fields.
  • The light appears to be natural (daylight) and quite dynamic (the shadow on the underside of the subjects hands) and the clouds in the sky.
  • This is a typical image by the photographer and lends itself heavily to photojournalistic training.
  • I think it is a successful image with the subject matter clearly indicated by what is in the image’s foreground (human hand on a pillar) in contrast to the background (expanse of empty land).
  • The composition of this image is quite interesting and this image tells a story, both on its own and as part of a series.

Artist processes/materials used

Black works only in black and white. His earlier work in Kingdom of Dust has different shaped images – so I am inclined to say he used a medium format 6×9 camera. His Geography of Poverty series is in square format. I can speculate and say he used a square format film camera such as a Mamiya, or a Bronica 6×6. Alternatively, he could have used  Canon or Nikon DSRL/medium format, and edit and crop his images. Long term documentary photography projects where one is required to live in an environment other than their own, means a change in access to amenities such as electricity (important for photography battery charging). This implies, that it is more practical to complete such a project on film photography.

The fact that short films often accompany his documentary projects suggest that Black travels with a film maker or uses a camera which can produce short film footage – digital camera.

Key elements taken for my own practise

As a result of looking at Geography of Poverty, I will:

  • Produce an edit of analogue styled  black and white work
  • Combine other elements into the final story besides photographs
  • Compare a consistent (fine art versus photojournalistic approach) in both aesthetics and content

Geography of poverty (no date) Available at: http://www.mattblack.com/the-geography-of-poverty/idp5g8h3xnyw3afef56puvetzhu1k8 (Accessed: 11 December 2016).

Laurent, O. (2014) Matt Black is TIME’s pick for Instagram photographer of the year 2014. Available at: http://time.com/3615902/matt-black-instagram-photographer-of-2014/ (Accessed: 11 December 2016).

Matt Black • photographer profiles • magnum photos (2016) Available at: https://www.magnumphotos.com/photographer/matt-black/ (Accessed: 11 December 2016).

O’Hagan, S. (2016) ‘Poverty is often looked at in isolation, but it is an American problem’. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2016/may/29/matt-black-photography-poverty-geography-california-us-sean-ohagan (Accessed: 11 December 2016).

Written and Sritharan, B. (2015) Matt Black’s ‘moral’ photography of America’s sprawling poverty. Available at: http://www.bjp-online.com/2015/08/matt-blacks-moral-photography-of-americas-sprawling-poverty/ (Accessed: 11 December 2016).

Exhibition Review 2 

Fine Art Society, 148 New Bond St, The Decisive Moment

Planning for 2 exhibitions in the morning…

Map, address and writeup by TimeOut

As advertised in the TimeOut magazine

Photography was NOT permitted, however there was a free postcard witch an iconic Henri Cartier-Bresson (HCB) image on the front which has been collected for the sketchbook.

Review:

This exhibition was enlightening regarding presentation, printing and fine art valuation. Also, there were a few HCB images I had not yet encountered. See below for these (sourced from books/online).